Tuesday, January 30, 2018

Charles Kunkle (1825-1890)

Our ancestor Charles Kunkle almost didn't make it into this world!  He was the third child of his parents, George (1797-1876) and Salome Knecht Kunkle (1803-1825)  and the great grandson of John George Kunkle who gave service in the French and Indian War and the Revolutionary War.
The Reaper by Winslow Homer
Charles was born November 24, 1825 and his 22 year old mother, Salome, died just three weeks after his birth. It is a  miracle that a motherless infant could have survived in 1825. There must have been a woman with an infant of her own who took baby Charles into her care to feed and nurture him.
The 1840 Census reports that his father was a farmer, so we can imagine that Charles grew up learning the skills of agriculture.
Nothing else is known about Charles until he is the age of 22 when he married Emmaline Miller on July 27, 1847.  The Salem Church Records provides the marriage date and that Emmaline was the daughter of John and Julian Miller. Of course I always like it when a record gives the woman's maiden name. So often that information was deemed unimportant, making it very difficult for the genealogist to discover more about the woman who gave life to the next generation.  And we all know without her none of us would be here.

Kunkle Monument
Charles and  his wife Emmaline are buried in the Salem Union Church Cemetery, Moore Township in Northampton Co. Pennsylvania.  The record lists Charles Kunkle, born November 24,1825 and died April 22, 1890, age 64 years, 5 months and 27 days old and  Emaline Kunkle, born May 16, 1828 and died May 19, 1883, age 55 years and 3 days.
Other Kunkles in that grave yard include;  his father George, 1797-1876, age 69, and Elizabeth (the second wife of George and the woman who raised Charles), 1803 - 1872, age 69.  Sarah A., 1854-1854-0;  Andrew G., 1851-1854-3;  Salome, 1803-1825-22 (mother of Charles)


Charles Kunkle
Emmaline Kunkle

There is no will on file at the Easton Courthouse, but there  are letters of Administration  LA 5 - 215- 1890 and Administration Bond AB 5 - 215- 1890. Charles Cunkel, April 22, 1890 of Palmer Twp.   John H. Kunkel and Thomas M. Kunkle,  Administrators. Also, an obituary notice appeared in the  Easton Daily Free Press, April 29, 1890, which stated Charles Kunkle died April 22, 1890 at the age of 64 years, 5 months and 27 days, near Nazareth, Pennsylvania.  This provides a birth year of circa 1826 which is compatible with the dates on the grave stone.

These Census Records help us to learn more about Charles and his family.  Charles  and Emeline Kunkle, are on the 1850 Census,  Northampton Co., Pennsylvania,  Moore Township,  with daughter "Fayetta" age 2 years.  The 1860 record shows his son John Henry who is 4 years old.  Other children in the family are Fayetta, age 11 and Cyrus age 2 and 1/2.   Charles' occupation is listed as farmer.  The 1870 Census lists Charles Kunkle, 44, a farmer,  Emeline Kunkle  42 and three children, John 13, Cyrus 11, and Thomas 8.  Charles and Emeline Kunkle  are found  in the 1880 Census in Northampton Co., E. Allen Twp., Pennsylvania (Vol. 57, ED. 69, Line 9).  List children: Cyrus L. (age 20) and Thomas M. (age 17), and a granddaughter, 'Matilda Hummel', age 10 yrs.

Charles and Emeline Kunkle were the parents of seven children as is noted on his tombstone.  Their children were Fayella, who was born on November 9, 1848. She married Jacob Hummel. Andrew G. Kunkel was born March 29, 1851, but died at the age of 3 years, 5 months and 26 days on September 23, 1854. His death came days after that of his infant sister, Sarah Amanda who was born on Januaury 12, 1854 and died at the age of 8 months and 25 days on September 6, 1854. A child named Henrich George, born March 29, 1851 is also in the church record and must have been a twin to Andrew who died young.  Such a tragedy for this young family!  Our ancestor John Henry arrived on March 4, 1856 followed by  Cyrus Lennert who was born April 21, 1860  and  Thomas  born December 21, 1862.

I love this picture of John Henry, son of Charles and Emmaline,  and his wife Sarah Jane Fehnel at Devil's Den in Gettysburg National Park.  John Kunkle lived in Bath, Pennsylvania where he had a farm implement business.  He traveled from farm to farm selling minerals and phosphate.  They were the parents of Estella, Sam and  William.  Estella married Arthur Smith and they were the great grandparents of Ron Smith, my husband.

  • Personal family history records of Cynthia H. Smith, Mt. Bethel, Pennsylvania, Notes and Interview of Beatrice Graver Smith as told to and recorded from her family history files by Cynthia Hughes Smith, 1981.  And from the records of the Smith Family Reunion as recorded by Beatrice Graver Smith, family historian.
  • Kunkle Family Bible, possession of Judith A. Mackey, Wind Gap, PA.
  • Charles Kunkle Obituary, Easton Daily Free Press, April 29, 1890. Located Easton Library.
  • James E, Kunkle, historian.  P.O. Box # 140460, Edgewater, Colo.  80214 - 0460. Letter to me dated 18 November 1997.
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winslow_Homer
  • U.S. census, population schedules. NARA microfilm publication M593, 1,761 rolls. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration
  • Find A Grave Memorial# 66851208 Charles Kunkle and # 66851242 Emmaline Kunkle and children.
This page  © 2018, Cynthia H. Smith

Send email to chsmith47@yahoo.com
This site may be linked, but not duplicated in any way without consent. The copyright on this page must appear on all copied and/or printed material.

Your comments and suggestions are appreciated. It is with pleasure that I am able to present this information here for you to see. If you discover a relationship here, I would very much enjoy hearing from you.

Sunday, January 21, 2018

Andreas Correll - The Hessian

Have you ever heard of the Hessians?  They were German soldiers hired by the British to supplement their military during the Revolutionary War in their fight against the Yankee Americans.

Well, what do you know, our ancestor, Andrew Correll,  was a Hessian soldier!  I have written about ancestors who fought in the Revolutionary War, imagine my surprise when I discovered one
who fought against the colonies.  Andrew Correll was a young man of 26 years who in 1775 was appointed to serve in the Hessian armed forces  Regiment of Reichsfreiherr Wilhelm von Knyphausen during the American Revolutionary War as a private. He was from  Hesse-Kassel in Germany where young men were hired as mercenaries by the British to fight the rebelling Americans.  The 6 volumes of HETRINA (Hessisiche Truppen im Amerikanischen Unabhangigkeitskrieg) contain the names of soldiers from Hessen-Kassel, Hessen-Hanau and Waldeck who served in North America and among them I found:  Corell, Andreas (born circa 1748), appointed as a private to the Regiment of von Knyphausen in April of 1775. From those records he was calculated to be 26 years old.

The record shows that he was wounded in February, 1777 and captured at that time.   The Johannes Schwalm book  provides the name  of Andreas Corell which appears in a compiled list of Hessian prisoner of war soldiers who were marched from Lancaster in 1778 to be exchanged for work with local people. Lancaster Exchange list #1  states that Andreas Correll was assigned to work for George Coyer of Warwick sometime around June 17, 1778.  Apparently Hessian prisoners were held in camps at Lancaster where there was a large population of Pennsylvania Dutch, who treated the German prisoners well. And, why not? These fellows were from the fatherland and spoke their language.  The Hessian POW's were well received by their fellow countrymen and volunteered for extra work assignments, filling in for  local men who were serving in the Continental Army. After the war, many of these men never returned to Germany, but instead remained in American enjoying the liberties of religious freedom and free land, and becoming permanent settlers.

Andreas' period of service is interesting. On four additional occasions  it is noted that Andreas was captured: September 1779, September 1782, November 1782 and May 1783.  The Schwalm book also gives this interesting notice that while he was held at the new goal in Philadelphia he was taken to a hospital on March 26, 1782, but that he ran away from the hospital on April 2, 1782. I'm beginning to think he was an escape artist! It is known that by 1779 he was married to Anna Maria Godhard who was the widow of  Johann Friederich Frutchey and the mother of several children. Which means that he married her while still in the service of the Hessian armed forces.  No wonder he was escaping all those years; the man had a wife and children to provide for!  Together Andrew and Anna Maria had a son John George who born June 18, 1785 before the end of the war.

Tax Records and Census Records help us to track his movements from the end of the war until the time of his death around 1819.  In 1786 Andrew Korrell was taxed in Lower Saucon,  Northampton Co., for 100 acres, 2 horses, 2 cattle.  And again in 1787 the name Andrew Korrell appears on the Lower Saucon tax list.  By 1789 Andrew Correl had  relocated to Williams twp., Northampton Co. where he was  taxed 3.6 pounds for 2 horses and 3 cattle.

The 1790 census for Upper Mount Bethel, Northampton, Pennsylvania shows Andrew Correl [Andrew Corret] with a household of one male over the age of 16 who would be Andrew, two males under 16 (one being his son John George, born 1785) and 3 females (one being his wife Anna Maria Godhard).  Anna Maria ("Goetthard" Frutchey) Correll died August 8, 1794. Andrew Correll appears on the 1800 census in Upper Mount Bethel, Northampton, Pennsylvania there are two males under the age of 10: one male between the ages of 10 and 15,  and one male over the age of 45 as well as one female between the age 16 and 25. By 1810, his family included one male under 10 years and one male over the age of 45. In addition there is one female under 10 and one female between 10 and 15 years old.

Now things start to get confusing regarding the wives and marriages of Andrew.  Andrew Correll  had at least four wives  and was the father of four children as well as the step father to many others.  Andrew Correll married the first time, about 1779 to Anna Maria Godhard.  She brought a number of children to this marriage and together Andrew and Anna Maria  had a son John George, born June 18, 1785.  By 1794, this Anna Maria had died.  She is buried in the Old Union Cemetery, Centerville, Northampton, Co. PA.
Next, Andrew married another lady named Anna Maria.  The second marriage to Anna Maria Schmidt Weidman, the widow of  John Jacob Weidman, as is recorded in  "Forks of the Delaware", "Andrew  Correll of Mount Bettle(Bethel)  with Anna Maria Weidman,  Jan. 10, 1797".  Together  they had three children,  Catherine (1798-), John (1799-1883) and Elizabeth (1801-1891).  It is not known if Anna Maria had children with Weidman.  Anna Maria Schmidt Weidman Correll died June 14, 1803.
Andrew Correll was married third to Christina Gross in First Reformed Church, Easton, Northampton on December 8, 1803.  I have not found a record of any children born to this union.
Andrew must have had a fourth wife named Catherine.  Reference is made to the widow of Andrew Corell  in  the  Records of the Orphans Court in Easton, Book 9 page 269.  The petition of John George Correl, eldest son of Andrew Correl who died  1819,  for the settlement of his father's estate reports the following: leaving widow Catherine and four children.  Children named are  John George, the petitioner;  Catherine, married to Henry Beck;  John and Elizabeth, both minors over the age of 14. Reference to ownership of 167 acres in Upper Mt. Bethel (listed  in Book A Vol. 2, page 373) is made.  Value of the estate was over $8,000.  On page 282 of Orphan's Court Record the final disposition of property is made.  All  lands of Andrew Corell have been sold and the money dispersed  to John George, $2957, John to receive $3060 and the widow Catherine, daughter Catherine and daughter Elizabeth each to receive $758. 

While the household of Andrew Correll is enumerated in the 1820 Census it is most probable that he had passed away.  Even though his gravestone gives a death date of Oct. 21, 1824 the above mentioned petition for the settlement of his estate says he died in 1819.

Josephine Correll, the daughter of John and granddaughter of Andrew Correll was the great,great grandmother of Ron Smith.  Josephine married Henry Good our Civil War veteran.  Their son George married Lillie Deats and had a son named Earl who married Edna Frey and had a daughter Dorothy who married Clarence Smith.

  • Auerbach, Inge and Otto Froehlich. HETRINA (Hessische Truppen im Amerikanischen Unabhangigkeitskrieg = Hessian Troops in the American Revolution) 6 vols. Marburg : Archivschule Marburg, 1972-1987, a listing compiled from original German records of all who served from the principalities of Hesse-Cassel, Hesse-Hanau, and Waldeck. HETRINA III, 3181 [Page 64] The HETRINA is now available as an online database at: http://lagis.online.uni-marburg.de/en/subjects/index/sn/hetrina 
  • Ken Miller, Dangerous Guests: Enemy Captives and Revolutionary Communities during the War for Independence (Cornell Univ. Press, 2014)as found at Wikipedia, "Hessian Soldier"
  •  "Corell, Andreas (* ca. 1748)", in: Hessische Truppen in Amerika <http://www.lagis-hessen.de/en/subjects/idrec/sn/hetrina/id/24302> (Stand: 20.1.2015) 
  • Johannes Schwalm, the Hessian / Lyndhurst, Ohio : Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, 1976
  • Johannes Schwalm Historical Association, Inc. online at http://jsha.org/jsharegis.htm
  • Ancestry.com. Pennsylvania, Tax and Exoneration, 1768-1801 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission; Records of the Office of the Comptroller General, RG-4; Tax & Exoneration Lists, 1762-1794; Microfilm Roll: 331
  • Ancestry.com.  United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.
  • Find A Grave Memorial # 7750367 - Andrew Correll
  • John Humphrey, Gravestones of Northampton County, page 64
  • First Reformed Church (Easton, PA), published by H. M. Kieffer in 1902 under title “Some of the first settlers of the Forks of the Delaware”


This page  © 2018, Cynthia H. Smith

Send email to chsmith47@yahoo.com
This site may be linked, but not duplicated in any way without consent. The copyright on this page must appear on all copied and/or printed material.

Your comments and suggestions are appreciated. It is with pleasure that I am able to present this information here for you to see. If you discover a relationship here, I would very much enjoy hearing from you. 

Tuesday, January 16, 2018

Dedication To the Memory of ANNA MCEWEN

I wrote this dedication 20 years ago in 1998. It was one of my first genealogy webpages. Over the years I have had to migrate it's location from a geocities site to a rootsweb site, but now Ancestry.com has bought out Rootsweb and they are dismantling that free site. So once again I am moving it to a new location.  This time with some updates and links to other pages on the Blog and a few pictures.

                                        Dedication of my Genealogy Works

Anna Houck McEwen, I dedicate this genealogy record to your memory. You had so little in life, but two things you held dear; the John McQuown family Bible and the John Houck family Bible; in which were recorded the vital records of your family. For years memory of you was lost, but because you valued the Bibles and saw that they were kept safe, Billy kept them and gave them to his son Henry. Perhaps they were put away in the attic sometime after Henry died, to rest there through Homer's lifetime,while my mother Lois was growing up, until I, your great, great, great granddaughter found them in 1977.
McEwen family homestead 
This research was begun in earnest in 1976. Fueled by the fever of the celebration of the country's bicentennial and inspired by Alex Haley's book Roots and John Jakes' series, The Kent Family Chronicles, I began. Grandmother Zilpha Estep Hughes and her sisters had put together some research of their parents lines, especially that of their mother which goes back to the Mayflower. Grandmother Eliza Long McEwen gave me much oral history as well as the opportunity to explore the attic of the century old home of the McEwen's. Seven generations of the family have lived here and it was in the garret that I found the old family Bibles that helped to piece together the lives of so many of them.

Beginning the process of genealogical research in one's own family usually starts by writing down as much lineage as is known to living family members. The next step is to authenticate this information by researching birth, death, and marriage records through old church records, grave markers or family Bibles. By studying this information, coupled with a knowledge of local and national history, it is possible to recreate some of the life stories of our ancestors.

What hardships Great, Great, Great Grandmother Anna McEwen had to endure. Born in 1807, the daughter of John and Elizabeth Miller Houck, her life must have been a simple but demanding one; only thirty some years after the Revolutionary War in rural Pennsylvania.

At age 21, on Nov. 6, 1828 she married John McQuown (McEwen). Their first child, Sally Ann, was born on July 2, 1829. When Sally Ann was 20 months old, Anna gave birth to little John on March 28, 1831. But baby John only lived through the summer of that year when he died August 18, 1831. How sad it must have been to loose a newborn son. This young wife was only 23 and by fall she was expecting another child.

John, Anna and Sally Ann were a family working hard to provide a home for themselves in 1831. John was probably engaged in farming as were most young men in those days. Two year old Sally Ann tottered along at her mother's apron strings as Anna went about her daily chores of homemaking. Anna must have worked hard to spin the fibers to make the cloth that she used to make their clothing, or maybe she rendered lard to make soap. Garden produce had to be preserved. Did she hang the onions to dry from the rafters, store the vegetables in a root cellar or put up jam for eating during the winter months? Meats were butchered and cured. Was there a smoke house for hams, bacons and venison? Anna probably had a few chickens and gathered the eggs each day. Did John occasionally catch a fish for dinner? As the winter of 1831 passed, Sally Ann was learning to talk. Perhaps John encouraged her to repeat words as they sat in front of the big fireplace that dominated the main room of the house. Anna cooked there at the fireplace, a job that continued all day, to provide meals for her
family. They awaited the birth of their next child.

John McQuown (McEwen) would never know this child, for he died on April 23, 1832, one month short of his 26th birthday. What tragedy befell such a young man? Maybe an accident or illness, no record of the reason for his untimely death has been found. Three months after his death, Anna gave birth to a son she named William, on July 9,1832.

Young Anna, a widow at age 25, never remarried. She had two small children to raise, 3 year old Sally Ann and baby William. Six years later, at age nine, little Sally Ann also died. Records of these events were recorded in the family Bible.

Anna may have found it difficult to provide for William, or Billy, as my grandfather often referred to his grandfather. When Billy was 10 years old, she filed a petition in the court at Easton to have a legal guardian named to care for him. Billy's grandfather, John Houck, was named his guardian in 1842.

In 1850, Anna is found listed with her father and mother on the census. She should be about 43 years of age; perhaps she provided for the care of her aged parents in exchange for living there; they would have been 71 and 66 years old. During this time Anna's son William has taken the name Houck and is listed as an 18 year old shoemaker also living with John Houck.

Record of Anna on the 1860 census indicates that while her father died in 1856 she continued to make her home with her mother, Elizabeth, until her death in  1861. Anna later made her home with Billy and his wife Sarah. As an aged woman of 63, she is found listed with them on the 1870 census.

The date of this courageous woman's death has not been confirmed. It is assumed she died before 1880, as she does not appear on any census records in 1880. Her grave has been located in the Reformed Cemetery in Stone Church, PA. The stone is white and has fallen and broken on the ground.                                          
Inscribed  are the words:

Dates cannot be read. Her grave is in close proximity of several Houck's, perhaps her brother's or other family members. There is an open area beside her grave, space enough to hold the graves of her husband and two children who preceded her in death some 50 years earlier. However there are no markers  present for them.

To your memory, Grandmother McEwen, I dedicate this work.
© 1998 Cynthia Hughes Smith            


Your comments and suggestions are appreciated. It is with pleasure that I am able to present this information here for you to see. If you discover a relationship here, I would very much enjoy hearing from you. 
                                         Copyright This page © 2018, Cynthia H. Smith

Send email to chsmith47@yahoo.com
This site may be linked, but not duplicated in any way without consent. The copyright on this page must appear on all copied and/or printed material.